Millennium Africa Recovery Plan (MAP) and Omega Plan for Africa combined to give birth to a third initiative the New African Initiative (NAI) which then led to the establishment of NEPAD in 2001. Founding Member States of NEPAD included South Africa, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt and Senegal.

NEPAD Secretariat coordinates the implementation of NEPAD programmes and projects.

The NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NEPAD Agency) is established in February 2010 as an outcome of the integration of NEPAD into AU structures and processes.

Adoption of NEPAD at the 37th session of the OAU Assembly of African Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Lusaka, Zambia.

The AU, the successor to the OAU, endorses the adoption of NEPAD as a programme of the AU at the AU Inaugural Summit in 2002.

The NEPAD Agency establishes four Investment Programmes to address new and emerging trends in Africa.

NEPAD Agency

The NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NEPAD Agency) was established in 2010 as an outcome of the integration of NEPAD into AU structures and processes. The NEPAD Agency is the implementing agency of the African Union that advocates for NEPAD, facilitates and coordinates the development of NEPAD continent-wide programmes and projects, mobilises resources and engages the global community, regional economic communities and member states in the implementation of these programmes and projects. The NEPAD Agency replaced the NEPAD Secretariat which had coordinated the implementation of NEPAD programmes and projects since 2001.

The NEPAD Agency's mandate is to:

Facilitate and coordinate the implementation of continental and regional priority programmes and projects

Mobilise resources and partners in support of the implementation of Africa's priority programmes and projects

Conduct and coordinate research and knowledge management

Monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes

Advocate on the AU and NEPAD vision, mission and core principle/ values

The NEPAD Agency's Investment Programmes are:

The programme works to address issues of economic and social exclusion of youth by facilitating the creation of opportunities and employment that enable them connect with the mainstream and hence enhance their contribution in the achievement of a prosperous continent.

A key consideration of the programme is the harmonization of country and regional level industrialization policies to ensure synergies with continental policy. Capacity enhancement in science, technology, innovation and entrepreneurship together with the establishment of an Industrial Development Index are integral components of this programme.

The harmonisation of regional and national policies on infrastructure, market development and trade, as well as improve regional infrastructure in ICT, transport, water and energy, are cornerstones of this programme.

The focus of the programme is to strengthen agriculture, bolster food and nutrition security, promote the blue economy, improve environmental governance, and promote sustainable mining at the national, regional and continental level. A key aim is to facilitate the adoption of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.

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